Clean coal combustion technology

 

Smoke billows from several chimneys at a factory in Jilin, in north China's Jilin province on November 29, 2009. The EU said on November 30 cataclysmic climate change cannot be averted without Chinese leadership, as the two sides wrapped up a summit with China defending its efforts against global warming. CHINA OUT AFP PHOTO (Photo credit should read AFP/AFP/Getty Images)

Fund “Noyan Tapan” is introducing an innovative, breakthrough technology to hydrocarbon fuel consumption and harmful products of combustion to the atmosphere. Instead it converts them into useful chemicals.

The Fund has developed natural gas and other hydrocarbon combustion products, including liquid fuel conversion, a number of innovative and breakthrough energy saving technologies that will soon enter the marketplace.

 

The A-5 system

The A-5 technological chain is designed for combustion of coal and its combustion byproducts. It converts atmosphere-polluting chemicals into chemicals demanded by several industries. It operates without additional energy expenditure for that purpose.

The A-5 coal combustion system constructed to generate hear / energy in addition to a number of useful chemical substances, including hydrogen (H2), nitrogen (N2), nitric acid ( HNO3), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), methanol (CH3OH) etc.

At its core, the A -5 system uses a proprietary catalyst, which makes the use of the described processes possible and economically profitable.

The system may be applicable to a large number of countries (e.g. India, China) that use coal as their main source of energy. The use of coal is widely known as being highly pollutant, affecting the quality of life and increasing the number of respiratory diseases.

 

How the system works

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The image below describes the system. As can be seen from the image, process chain begins with a simple combustion of coal in a furnace, which performs useful work- heat the circulating water system. At the exact same furnace installed more nodes which needs for innovative technological system. [3] , [5], [7], [8], [15].

 

The combustion of coal generates heat, which converts water into vapor [13]. The resulting combustion gas is collected and pumped through a pump system to the first node [1] that is represented by a filter.

The first node [1] is an innovative filter that allows removes heavy metals and other sediments from the system, leaving only carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2), water vapor (H2O), sulfur oxide (SO2), and possibly nitrogen oxide (NO). This gas mixture is then pumped to a second node [2] of the system a membrane separation.

The second node [2] also contains innovative approaches and separates the two portions of the incoming gases. It separates nitrogen (N2), nitrogen monoxide (NO) and SO2, from carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor (H2O). They are pushed into the third node [3], (Arrata separator).

The third node [3], (Arrata separator) is the most important one. It applies the breakthrough innovations of the catalysts created by the company, turning the carbon dioxide (CO2) into carbon monoxide (CO) and oxygen (O2). This mixture of gases is mixed with water (H2O), and enters the fourth node [4].

The fourth node [4] is a membrane filter developed by the “Arrata” company, which separates the oxygen (O2) and sends to the seventh [7] and eighth [8] nodes it to the combustion chamber and carbon monoxide (CO) and water vapor (H2O) are transferred to the combustion chamber, the fifth node [5].

The fifth node [5] injected with carbon monoxide (CO) and water (H2O), receives steam from the fifteenth node [15] that is needed for conversion to carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2), which is pushed to the sixth-node [6]. All this is possible due to heat from the other innovative catalysts developed by the company.

In the sixth-node [6], composed by a membrane separation, carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) are distributed rapidly. Hydrogen can be accumulated in cylinders or be used in the twelfth node [12], to obtain methanol. The carbon dioxide (CO2) is pumped to the third loop [3] (Arrata separator) again to participate in the system processes, and the rest is pumped to the twelfth node [12], in order to obtain methanol.

In the seventh node [7] the nitrogen (N2), nitrogen monoxide (NO) and sulfur oxide (SO2) from the second node [2] – are combined through a catalyst with oxygen (O2) from the fourth node [4], converted and separated from each other. The separated nitrogen (N2) and nitrous oxide (2NO2) are moved to the ninth node [9], and sulfur oxide (SO2), to the eighth node [8].

In the eighth node [8] sulfur oxide (SO2) is combines from the oxygen from the fourth node [4] with the help of a catalyst converts into SO3 and pumped into to the tenth node [10].

Ninth node [9] was designed to receive nitrogen and nitric acid. Here, nitrogen (N2) is separated from the nitric oxide (2NO2) and leaves the system. Nitrogen cylinders can be used as storage. The 2NO2– in this loop can be reacted with water and generate nitric acid (HNO3), which can be stored.

Tenth node [10] was designed to obtain sulfuric acid (H2SO4). Here SO3 reacts with water and turns into sulfuric acid (H2SO4), which can also be stored.

In the eleventh node [11] the water vapor and CO that come out of node [4] can in part be pushed to the twelfth node [12].

In the twelfth node [12] CO reacts with hydrogen and to yield methanol (CH3OH), which can be stored and used as a liquid fuel.

 

Once again, these entire processes occur to the benefit of the furnace and its byproducts (e.g. hot water or water vapor) can be used in thermal power plants, residential or industrial space heating, greenhouses or for any other purpose [14].

Thanks to this technology energy generation from coal burning becomes absolutely harmless for the environment because the harmful emissions cease to exist, and the chemicals hydrogen (H2), nitrogen (N2), nitric acid (HNO3), sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and methanol (CH3OH) are in great demand in both the chemical and energy industries.

 

 

“Arrata” LTD

Yerevan, Armenia,

Tel: +374 55 509050

E-mail: [email protected]

Permanent link to this article: http://ntfund.nt.am/?p=870&lang=en

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